Information On How To Kill Lice Eggs Most Efficiently
At one point or another, every parent of school aged children has, or will have faced the all too common issue of bug infestation in their child’s hair. Easily shared among family, friends and schoolmates, getting rid of these bothersome creatures is a very time consuming task that requires diligent attention for at least two weeks. Knowing how to kill lice eggs, called nits, in the most efficient manner is crucial in breaking the life cycle of the tiny invaders.
The head louse is a very small, parasitic and wingless insect that lives in human hair and feeds off minute amounts of blood drawn exclusively from the scalp. Aside from a bit of itching caused by skin irritations, they are completely harmless and carry no diseases, though they are frustrating, annoying, highly contagious and quite difficult to eradicate. Infestations occur most commonly among students generally due to their close proximity to each other and the tendency to share hats and placing their heads together during play.
Once one child is infested, it does not take long for the bugs to spread to friends, siblings and other family members. The best way to control this issue is to treat everyone, and the living space, as quickly and thoroughly as possible immediately after discovery to minimize the problem. If the treatment process is followed diligently, the entire situation could be rectified within two weeks.
The first step is identifying everyone that has become infected. Scratching is a common signifier of infestation but someone who is not as sensitive to the insect’s saliva may not itch for weeks. A manual check for bugs and nits is absolutely necessary. This can be done using a bright light, a magnifying glass is one is available, and a fine tooth comb.
The easiest way to check someone’s hair is to first wet it as the bugs and nits tend to show up better against the dampness and the moisture weighs them down so that they do not move as quickly. Comb through the tresses and separate into sections of about three inch squares. Under the bright light, begin at the scalp and slowly work to the ends of the strands looking for signs of infestation.
There are many different methods by which one may go about the removal of the offending creatures. Quite a few reputable over the counter remedies are available, as well as several homeopathic approaches and a physician may prescribe special medications to be used when all other options have failed. Each one will come with very specific instructions that should be followed exactly for the best results and to avoid skin injury or other issues.
Following any type of application, the hair should again be carefully combed through in sections to remove any bugs, living or dead, that remain in the strands. There are special devices available which feature extremely close teeth designed to capture the tiny insects and even extract some of the nits. This removal process should be repeated daily for up to three weeks.
No matter which method one chooses to use, a second session within seven to nine days will be necessary as there is no approved treatment that will effectively eradicate all the insects and nits on the very first application. Some formulas will only work on adult bugs and do nothing to stop new ones from hatching within the week. This is why careful removal, daily combing and the reapplication are required.
Understanding the life cycle of the insect is very useful in effectively getting rid of these pesky infiltrators and their unhatched generations. When an adult falls off the head, it can not feed and can only survive about two days. A nit is unable to hatch if it is not incubated in conditions other than those with the ideal heat and humidity combination that is found within a quarter inch of the human scalp. It is important to note that they do not live on pets and can not travel using an animal as a host.
Though the chemicals may work on the actual bugs, the most reliable way to take care of nits is with extreme heat and blood deprivation for any that manage to hatch. Everything the infected persons may have touched within two days of being infested must be treated or there is a chance of the cycle starting all over again. When the hair is treated, it is recommended it be thoroughly dried with a blow dryer set on its highest setting in order to minimize survivors.
A human being loses between fifty to one hundred stands of hair per day and if even one of these fell out in a shared area such as a hat, accessory or furniture while hosting a viable insect, there is a chance of sharing the infestation. Diligent and precise sanitation is key. Any combs, brushes, clips, head bands, etc should be soaked in water of at least 130 degrees Fahrenheit for a minimum of ten minutes to essential boil the nits and bugs.
All sheets, blankets, pillowcases, towels, clothing and anything else that is washable should be machine washed in the hottest water possible. This should be followed by being placed in the dryer and tumbled on the highest heat setting for ten minutes or more. Any surface these items will touch upon removal should first be sanitized using a strong bleach solution.
Pillows, stuffed animals and other items that can not be soaked in water, can be placed in the dryer for approximately thirty minutes on high for the same effect. Anything that is too large or is simply not suited for intense heat, needs to be sealed in a plastic bag for a minimum of two weeks. The reason most experts recommend this amount of time is that fourteen days is enough to ensure that anything that has managed to survive will have completed the life cycle during this waiting period and the products will be clean when removed.
All fabric furniture and carpets need to be vacuumed daily for a two to three week period. Hard surfaces such as counters and flooring can be disinfected by using a solution of ten parts water to one part bleach, though this should also be repeated often. Although the removal and cleaning process is long and tedious, careful execution is key to destroying all of the insects and their nits.